Anti-angiogenic property of edible berry in a model of hemangioma.
J Pharm Pharmacol. 1992 Nov;44(11):926-8. PMID: 12782326
Hemangiomas represent a powerful model to study in vivo angiogenesis. Monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) is known to be responsible for recruiting macrophages to sites of infection or inflammation and facilitate angiogenesis. Recently we have demonstrated that edible berry extracts potently suppress inducible vascular endothelial growth factor expression and in vitro angiogenesis. Comparative analysis of several berry extracts led to the observation that wild blueberry and a berry mix were most effective. Our goal was to follow up on our findings with wild blueberry and the berry mix (OptiBerry). The present work rests on our current finding that these two berry powders significantly inhibit inducible MCP-1 expression in endothelioma cells. Therefore, we sought to examine the effects of wild blueberry and berry mix in an in vivo model of experimental angiogenesis. Reporter studies showed that the berry powders significantly inhibited basal MCP-1 transcription and inducible nuclear factor kappaB transcription. Endothelioma cells pre-treated with berry powders showed diminished ability to form hemangioma. Histological analysis demonstrated markedly decreased infiltration of macrophages in hemangioma of treated mice compared to placebo-treated controls. The current results provide the first in vivo evidence substantiating the anti-angiogenic property of edible berries.