Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Drug use is associated with lower plasma magnesium levels in geriatric outpatients; possible clinical relevance.

Abstract Source:

Clin Nutr. 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6. PMID: 30581015

Abstract Author(s):

A C B van Orten-Luiten, A Janse, E Verspoor, E M Brouwer-Brolsma, R F Witkamp

Article Affiliation:

A C B van Orten-Luiten

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Hypomagnesemia has been associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other disorders. Drug use has been suggested as one of the risk factors for low magnesium (Mg) levels. In the elderly population, prone to polypharmacy and inadequate Mg intake, hypomagnesemia might be relevant. Therefore, we aimed to investigate associations between drug use and plasma Mg.

METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 343 Dutch geriatric outpatients were analysed by Cox and linear regression, while adjusting for covariates. Drug groups were coded according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification system; use was compared to non-use. Hypomagnesemia was defined as plasma Mg < 0.75 mmol/l and<0.70 mmol/l.

RESULTS: Prevalence of hypomagnesemia was 22.2% (Mg < 0.75 mmol/l) or 12.2% (Mg < 0.70 mmol/l); 67.6% of the patients used ≥5 medications (polypharmacy). The number of different drugs used was inversely linearly associated with Mg level (beta -0.01; p < 0.01). Fully adjusted Cox regression showed significant associations of polypharmacy with hypomagnesemia (Mg < 0.75 mmol/l) (prevalence ratio (PR) 1.81; 95%CI 1.08-3.14), proton pump inhibitors (PR 1.80; 95%CI 1.20-2.72), and metformin (PR 2.34; 95%CI 1.56-3.50). Moreover, stratified analyses pointed towards associations with calcium supplements (PR 2.26; 95%CI 1.20-4.26), insulins (PR 3.88; 95%CI 2.19-6.86), vitamin K antagonists (PR 2.01; 95%CI 1.05-3.85), statins (PR 2.44; 95%CI 1.31-4.56), and bisphosphonates (PR 2.97; 95%CI 1.65-5.36) in patients<80 years; selective beta blockers (PR 2.01; 95%CI 1.19-3.40) if BMI<27.0 kg/m; and adrenergic inhalants in male users (PR 3.62; 95%CI 1.73-7.56). Linear regression supported these associations.

CONCLUSION: As polypharmacy and several medications are associated with hypomagnesemia, Mg merits more attention, particularly in diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and in side-effects of proton pump inhibitors and calcium supplements.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.