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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Dietary Fiber in Bilberry Ameliorates Pre-Obesity Events in Rats by Regulating Lipid Depot, Cecal Short-Chain Fatty Acid Formation and Microbiota Composition.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2019 Jun 15 ;11(6). Epub 2019 Jun 15. PMID: 31208043

Abstract Author(s):

Hao-Yu Liu, Tomas B Walden, Demin Cai, David Ahl, Stefan Bertilsson, Mia Phillipson, Margareta Nyman, Lena Holm

Article Affiliation:

Hao-Yu Liu

Abstract:

Obesity is linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk factors associated to metabolic syndrome. Bilberry () that contains easily fermentable fiber may strengthen the intestinal barrier function, attenuate inflammation and modulate gut microbiota composition, thereby prevent obesity development. In the current study, liver lipid metabolism, fat depot, cecal and serum short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and gut microbiome were evaluated in rats fed bilberries in a high-fat (HFD + BB) or low-fat (LFD + BB) setting for 8 weeks and compared with diets containing equal amount of fiber resistant to fermentation (cellulose, HFD and LFD). HFD fed rats did not obtain an obese phenotype but underwent pre-obesity events including increased liver index, lipid accumulation and increased serum cholesterol levels. This was linked to shifts of cecal bacterial community and reduction of major SCFAs. Bilberry inclusion improved liver metabolism and serum lipid levels. Bilberry inclusion under either LFD or HFD, maintained microbiota homeostasis, stimulated interscapular-brown adipose tissue depot associated with increased mRNA expression of uncoupling protein-1; enhanced SCFAs in the cecum and circulation; and promoted butyric acid and butyrate-producing bacteria. These findings suggest that bilberry may serve as a preventative dietary measure to optimize microbiome and associated lipid metabolism during or prior to HFD.

Study Type : Animal Study

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