An improvement in acute wound healing in mice by the combined application of photobiomodulation and curcumin-loaded iron particles.
Lasers Med Sci. 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5. PMID: 30393833
Here, we examined the combined effect of pulse wave photobiomodulation (PBM) with curcumin-loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide (FeO) nanoparticles (curcumin), in an experimental mouse model of acute skin wound. Thirty male adult mice were randomly allocated into 5 groups. Group 1 was served as the control group. Group 2 was a placebo and received distilled water, as a carrier of curcumin. Group 3 received laser (890 nm, 80 Hz, 0.2 J/cm). Group 4 received curcumin by taking four injections around the wound. Group 5 received laser + curcumin. One full-thickness excisional round wound was made on the back of all the mice. On days 0, 4, 7, and 14, bacterial flora, wound surface area, and tensile strength were examined and microbiological examinations were performed. In case of wound closure, the two-way ANOVA shows that wound surface area of entire groups decreased progressively. However, the decrease in laser + curcumin and laser groups, and especially data from laser + curcumin group were statistically more significant, in comparison with the other groups (F statistics = 2.28, sig = 0.019). In terms of microbiology, the two-way ANOVA showed that laser, and laser + curcumin groups have statistically a lower bacterial count than the curcumin, control, and carrier groups (F statistics = 35, sig = 0 = 000). Finally, the one-way ANOVA showed that laser + curcumin, curcumin, and curcumin significantly increased wound strength, compared to the control and carrier groups. Furthermore, laser + curcumin significantly increased wound strength, compared to the control, laser, and curcumin groups (LSD test, p = 0.003, p = 0.002, and p = 0.005, respectively). In conclusion, curcumin nanoparticles, pulse wave laser, and pulse wave laser + curcumin nanoparticles accelerate wound healing, through a significant increase in wound closure rate, as well as wound strength, and a significant decreasein Staphylococcus aureus counts. Furthermore, the statistical analysis of our data suggests that the combined treatment of pulse wave laser + curcumin nanoparticles enhances the wound closure rate, and wound strength, compared to the laser and curcumin nanoparticles alone.