Daidzein had an ameliorative effect of on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ameliorative Effect of Daidzein on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Mice via Modulation of Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Cell Death.
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017 ;2017:3140680. Epub 2017 Aug 2. PMID: 28831294
Oxidative stress and inflammation are part and parcel of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. The purpose of this work is to study the role of soy isoflavone constituent, daidzein, in cisplatin-induced renal damage. Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity was evident by the histological damage in proximal tubular cells and by the increase in serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1). Cisplatin-induced cell death was shown by TUNEL staining and caspase-3/7 activity. Daidzin treatment reduced all kidney injury markers (NGAL, BUN, creatinine, and KIM-1) and attenuated cell death (apoptotic markers). In cisplatin-induced kidney injury, renal oxidative/nitrative stress was manifested by the increase in lipid peroxidation and protein nitration. Cisplatin induced the reactive oxygen species-generating enzyme NOX-2 and impaired antioxidant defense enzyme activities such as glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities. Cisplatin-induced oxidative/nitrative stress was attenuated by daidzein treatment. Cisplatin induced CD11b-positive macrophages in kidneys and daidzein attenuated CD11b-positive cells. Daidzein attenuated cisplatin-induced inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor(TNF), interleukin 10 (IL-10), interleukin 18 (IL-18), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Daidzein attenuated cell death. Our data suggested that daidzein attenuated cisplatin-induced kidney injury through the downregulation of oxidative/nitrative stress, immune cells, inflammatory cytokines, and apoptotic cell death, thus improving kidney regeneration.