D-chiro-Inositol ameliorates high fat diet-Induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance. - GreenMedInfo Summary
d- chiro-Inositol Ameliorates High Fat Diet-Induced Hepatic Steatosis and Insulin Resistance via PKCε-PI3K/AKT Pathway.
J Agric Food Chem. 2019 May 17. Epub 2019 May 17. PMID: 31066268
d- chiro-Inositol (DCI) is a biologically active component found in tartary buckwheat, which can reduce hyperglycemia and ameliorate insulin resistance. However, the mechanism underlying the antidiabetic effects of DCI remains largely unclear. This study investigated the effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of DCI on hepatic gluconeogenesis in mice fed a high fat diet and saturated palmitic acid-treated hepatocytes. DCI attenuated free fatty acid uptake by the liver via lipid trafficking inhibition, reduced diacylglycerol deposition, and hepatic PKCε translocation. Thus, DCI could improve insulin sensitivity by suppressing hepatic gluconeogenesis. Subsequent analyses revealed that DCI decreased hepatic glucose output and the expression levels of PEPCK and G6 Pase in insulin resistant mice through PKCε-IRS/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Likewise, such effects of DCI were confirmed in HepG2 cells with palmitate-induced insulin resistance. These findings indicate a novel pathway by which DCI prevents hepatic gluconeogenesis, reduces lipid deposition, and ameliorates insulin resistance via regulation of PKCε-PI3K/AKT axis.