Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol-induced apoptosis in the thymus and spleen as a mechanism of immunosuppression in vitro and in vivo.

Abstract Source:

J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Aug ;302(2):451-65. PMID: 12130702

Abstract Author(s):

Robert J McKallip, Catherine Lombard, Billy R Martin, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash S Nagarkatti

Article Affiliation:

Robert J McKallip

Abstract:

Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive component of marijuana has been shown to suppress the immune response. However, the exact mechanism of THC-induced immunosuppression remains unclear. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to THC leads to the induction of apoptosis in lymphocyte populations. Splenocytes of C57BL/6 mice cultured in the presence of 10 microM or greater concentrations of THC showed significantly reduced proliferative response to mitogens, including anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), concanavalin A (Con A), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro. Thymocytes and naive and activated splenocytes exposed to 10 microM or 20 microM THC showed significantly increased levels of apoptosis. Treatment with CB2 antagonist inhibited THC-induced apoptosis in thymocytes and activated splenocytes. Administration of 10 mg/kg body weight of THC into C57BL/6 mice led to thymic and splenic atrophy as early as 6 h after treatment. This effect could be partially inhibited by treatment with a caspase inhibitor in vivo. THC exposure led to reductions in the numbers of all subpopulations of splenocytes and thymocytes examined. Functional studies revealed that splenocytes from THC-treated mice had significantly reduced proliferative response to anti-CD3 mAbs, Con A, and LPS in vitro. Finally, thymocytes and splenocytes exposed to THC in vivo exhibited apoptosis upon in vitro culture. Together, these results suggest that in vivo exposure to THC can lead to significant suppression of the immune response by induction of apoptosis.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.