Curcumolide reduces diabetic retinal vascular leukostasis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumolide reduces diabetic retinal vascular leukostasis and leakage partly via inhibition of the p38MAPK/NF-κ B signaling.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 Apr 15 ;27(8):1835-1839. Epub 2017 Feb 22. PMID: 28274631
Retinal inflammation in a hyperglycemic condition is believed to play a crucial role in the development of diabetic retinopathy, and targeting inflammatory mediators is a promising strategy for the control of diabetic retinopathy. Curcumolide, a novel sesquiterpenoid with a unique 5/6/5 tricyclic skeleton, was isolated from Curcuma wenyujin. In this study, we demonstrate that treatment with curcumolide alleviated retinal inflammatory activities both in vitro and in vivo in a STZ-induced diabetic rat model and in TNF-α-stimulated HUVECs. Curcumolide alleviated retinal vascular permeability and leukostasis and attenuated the overexpression of TNF-α and ICAM-1 in diabetic retinas. Moreover, curcumolide also inhibited inducible p38 MAPK and NF-κB activation and the subsequent induction of proinflammatory mediators. These data suggest potential treatment strategies against diabetic retinopathy, particularly in the early stages of the disease.