Curcumin inhibits glucose production in isolated mice hepatocytes. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin inhibits glucose production in isolated mice hepatocytes.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2008 May;80(2):185-91. Epub 2008 Jan 24. PMID: 18221818
Department of Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin, Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.
Curcumin is a compound derived from the spice turmeric, and is a potent anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-hepatotoxic agent. We have investigated the acute effects of curcumin on hepatic glucose production. Gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis in isolated hepatocytes, and gluconeogenetic enzyme activity after 120 min exposure to curcumin were measured. Hepatic gluconeogenesis from 1 mM pyruvate was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner, with a maximal decrease of 45% at the concentration of 25 microM. After 120 min exposure to 25 microM curcumin, hepatic gluconeogenesis from 2mM dihydroxyacetone phosphate and hepatic glycogenolysis were inhibited by 35% and 20%, respectively. Insulin also inhibited hepatic gluconeogenesis from 1mM pyruvate and inhibited hepatic glycogenolysis in a concentration-dependent manner. Curcumin (25 microM) showed an additive inhibitory effect with insulin on both hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, indicating that curcumin inhibits hepatic glucose production in an insulin-independent manner. After 120 min exposure to 25 microM curcumin, hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) activity both were inhibited by 30%, but fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) was not reduced. After 120 min exposure to 25 microM curcumin, phosphorylation of AMP kinase alpha-Thr(172) was increased. Thus, the anti-diabetic effects of curcumin are partly due to a reduction in hepatic glucose production caused by activation of AMP kinase and inhibition of G6Pase activity and PEPCK activity.