Curcumin attenuates Concanavalin A-induced liver injury in mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin attenuates Concanavalin A-induced liver injury in mice by inhibition of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4 and TLR9 expression.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2012 Jan ;12(1):151-7. Epub 2011 Dec 2. PMID: 22138522
Curcumin has antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the hepatoprotective effects and molecular mechanisms of curcumin on acute liver injury have not been carefully examined. The aims of this study were to examine the anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin on Concanavalin A (Con A) induced hepatitis, and to elucidate its underlying molecular mechanisms in mice. Mice received curcumin (200 mg/kg body weight) by gavage before Con A intravenous administration. We found that curcumin pretreatment was able to significantly reduce the elevated plasma aminotransferase levels and liver necrosis in Con A-induced hepatitis. Also, curcumin pretreatment reduced intrahepatic expression of genes encoding pro-inflammatory molecules such as tumor necrosis factorα (TNF-α) and interferon γ (IFN-γ) as compared with the vehicle controls, but augmented anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 10 (IL-10) by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, the expression levels of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4 and TLR9 mRNA or protein in liver tissueswere significantly lowered by curcumin treatment. Curcumin pretreatment did not affect hepatic Kupffer cell numbers after Con A injection. These results suggest that curcumin pretreatment protects against T cell-mediated hepatitis in mice. The beneficial effect of curcumin may be partly mediated byinhibiting the expression levels of TLR2, TLR4 and TLR9 in the liver.