Curcumin and NAC protect against valproate-induced liver toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Prevention of sodium valproate-induced hepatotoxicity by curcumin, rosiglitazone and N-acetylcysteine in rats.
Arzneimittelforschung. 2010;60(11):647-53. PMID: 21175036
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. email@example.com
The present study was designed to examine the potential preventive effect of curcumin (CMN; CAS 458-37-7), rosiglitazone (RGN; CAS 155141-29-0), N-acetylcysteine (NAC; CAS 616-91-1), resveratrol (RSV; CAS 501-36-0), and losartan (LOS; CAS 114798-26-4) on sodium valproate-induced hepatotoxicity. Sodium valproate (SVP; CAS 1069-66-5) was given at a dose of 250 mg/kg i. p. 3 times daily for one week. The tested compounds were given simultaneously with SVP for one week. The results demonstrate that CMN, RGN and NAC treatment can confer protection from SVP-induced hepatotoxicity. The second part of the study includes an evaluation of the effect of CMN, RGN and NAC on the anticonvulsant activity of SVP against pentetrazole-induced seizures in mice. The results demonstrate that CMN, RGN and NAC do not affect the anticonvulsant activity of SVP. Combined administration of either of CMN, RGN and NAC with valproate appears to be beneficial in reducing valproate-induced hepatotoxicity.