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Abstract Title:

Curcumin ameliorates acute thioacetamide-induced hepatotoxicity.

Abstract Source:

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Feb;21(2):358-66. PMID: 16509859

Abstract Author(s):

Haim Shapiro, Michal Ashkenazi, Nir Weizman, Mark Shahmurov, Hussein Aeed, Rafael Bruck

Article Affiliation:

The Unit of Clinical Hypnosis, The E. Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Increased production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and activation of nuclear factor kappa B are implicated in the pathogenesis of various liver diseases, including fulminant hepatic failure. Curcumin is a naturally occurring anti-oxidant that reduces oxidative stress and inhibits nuclear factor kappa B and nitric oxide formation. The aim of the present study is to assess curcumin's therapeutic potential in acute thioacetamide hepatotoxicity, a rat model of fulminant hepatic failure.

METHODS: Fulminant hepatic failure was induced by two intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of 300 mg/kg thioacetamide (TAA) at 24-h intervals. The experimental groups received a low-dose (200 mg/kg per day, i.p.) or a high-dose (400 mg/kg per day) of curcumin, initiated 48 h prior to the first TAA injection. A fourth group was administered neither TAA nor curcumin and served as a control.

RESULTS: The survival rate was higher in both curcumin-treated groups compared to the TAA only treated group. Biochemical parameters of liver injury, blood ammonia and hepatic necroinflammation were lower in the low-dose curcumin group compared to TAA controls, and were further reduced in the high-dose group (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). Curcumin treatment also reduced the TAA-induced elevated hepatic levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), and inhibited the nuclear binding of nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) and inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) protein expression.

CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin improved survival and minimized oxidative stress, hepatocellular injury and hepatic necroinflammation, NFkappaB binding and iNOS expression in a rat model of FHF. These findings support the role of ROS, NFkappaB and iNOS in mediating liver insult due to TAA, and that of curcumin as a hepato-protectant.

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Sayer Ji
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