Co-Delivery of Curcumin and Chrysin by Polymeric Nanoparticles Inhibit Synergistically Growth and hTERT Gene Expression in Human Colorectal Cancer Cells.
Nutr Cancer. 2017 Nov-Dec;69(8):1290-1299. Epub 2017 Oct 30. PMID: 29083232
Nanoparticle (NP)-based combinational chemotherapy has been proposed as a potent approach for improving intracellular drug concentrations and attaining synergistic effects in colorectal cancer therapy. Here, two well-known herbal substances, Curcumin (Cur) and Chrysin (Chr), were co-encapsulated in PEGylated PLGA NPs and investigated their synergistic inhibitory effect against Caco-2 cancer cells. Characterization of nanoformulated drugs was determined using DLS, FTIR, TEM, and SEM. Drug release study was performed using dialysis method. MTT and real-time PCR assays were applied to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of free and nano-encapsulated drugs on expression level of hTERT in Caco-2 cells. The results showed that free drugs and nano-formulations exhibited a dose-dependent cytotoxicity against Caco-2 cells and especially, Cur-Chr-PLGA/PEG NPs had more synergistic antiproliferative effect and significantly arrested the growth of cancer cells than the other groups (P<0.05). Real-time PCR results revealed that Cur, Chr, and combination of Cur-Chr in free and encapsulated forms inhibited hTERT gene expression. Also, it was found that Cur-Chr-PLGA/PEG NPs than free combination forms could further decline hTERT expression in all concentration (P<0.05). In summary, our study represents the first report of nano-combinational application of the natural herbal substances with a one-step fabricated codelivery system for effective colorectal cancer combinational chemotherapy.