Citalopram induces reproductive toxicity in male rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Citalopram Induces Reproductive Toxicity in Male Rats.
Birth Defects Res. 2017 Apr 17 ;109(7):475-485. Epub 2017 Mar 31. PMID: 28398617
BACKGROUND: Citalopram hydrobromide (CTL) has been shown to cause sexual dysfunction; however, its reproductive toxicity potential has not been sufficiently elucidated in men. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the toxic effects of CTL on the reproductive system of male rats.
METHODS: For this purpose, CTL was administered at 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg/day to rats orally for 28 days. Sperm concentration, motility, and morphology were investigated using a computer-assisted sperm analysis system, and sperm DNA damage was detected using a Comet assay. The testes were histopathologically examined. Serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and testosterone levels were measured and the oxidative status of testes was investigated.
RESULTS: Our results showed that sperm concentration was reduced, and abnormal sperm morphology and sperm DNA damage were increased in CTL-administered groups. Additionally, histopathological changes were observed in the testes of CTL-administered rats. Luteinizing hormone levels were increased in CTL-administered groups, while testosterone levels were increased in the 5 and 10 mg/kg CTL-administered groups. Decreased glutathione signaled enhanced oxidative stress in the 10 and 20 mg/kg CTL-administered groups.
CONCLUSION: Thus, we concluded that CT induced testicular damage in male rats; this testicular damage was accompanied by oxidative stress and hormonal changes, which are considered as the important causes of reproductive disorders. Birth Defects Research 109:475-485, 2017.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.