Carnosol has protective effects on skin inflammatory skin damages by UVB. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Inhibitory effect of Carnosol on UVB-induced inflammation via inhibition of STAT3.
Arch Pharm Res. 2019 Mar ;42(3):274-283. Epub 2018 Nov 15. PMID: 30430364
In Jun Yeo
Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation causes sunburn, inflammatory responses, dysregulation of immune function, oxidative stress, DNA damage and photocarcinogenesis on skin. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) has been reported to inhibit inflammation. Carnosol, a major component of Rosemary, has prominent anti-inflammatory effects. However, its protective effect on UVB-induced inflammatory skin responses has not yet been reported. Here, we investigated the effectiveness of carnosol on UVB-induced inflammation. We examined the anti-inflammation effect of topical application of carnosol (0.05 µg/cm) on UVB (540 mJ/cm, for 3 successive days)-induced skin inflammation in HR1 mice. Topical application of carnosol inhibited UVB-induced erythema, epidermal thickness, inflammatory responses in HR1 mice. Carnosol reduced the level of Immunoglobulin-E and IL-1β in blood serum of UVB-induced mice. Carnosol also significantly inhibited the UVB-induced expression of inflammatory marker protein (iNOS and COX-2) in back skin of mice. In addition, carnosol treated skin decreased activation of STAT3, a transcriptional factor regulating inflammatory genes. Ourstudy suggested that carnosol has protective effects on skin inflammatory skin damages by UVB.