Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Pharmacological synergism between cannabinoids and paclitaxel in gastric cancer cell lines.

Abstract Source:

J Surg Res. 2009 Jul;155(1):40-7. Epub 2008 Aug 9. PMID: 19394652

Abstract Author(s):

Hideyo Miyato, Joji Kitayama, Hiroharu Yamashita, Daisuke Souma, Masahiro Asakage, Jun Yamada, Hirokazu Nagawa

Article Affiliation:

Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. hmiya-tky@umin.ac.jp

Abstract:

Orally applicable Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and its synthetic derivatives have been used as antiemetic drugs during chemotherapy in cancer patients. However, it is not well known how cannabinoids influence the effects of chemotherapeutic agents on malignant tumors. In this study, we investigated how the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) changes the effect of paclitaxel on gastric cancer cell lines. In the human gastric cancer cell line, HGC-27, which express cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), AEA stimulated proliferation at concentrations under 1 microM, while it strongly suppressed proliferation through the induction of apoptosis at 10 microM. This bimodal effect was reproduced by a selective CB1 agonist, arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide, although the effects were less marked. When AEA was used with paclitaxel, AEA at 10 microM synergistically enhanced the cytotoxic effect of paclitaxel, whereas it showed no significant effect at lower concentrations. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that addition of 10 microM AEA synergistically enhanced paclitaxel-induced apoptosis, possibly through the activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9. Our results suggest that cannabinoids could be a good palliative agent for cancer patients receiving paclitaxel.

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.