Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Breast enlargement in 13 men who were seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus.

Abstract Source:

Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Nov 1;35(9):1113-9. Epub 2002 Oct 14. PMID: 12384846

Abstract Author(s):

Devon L Evans, Liron Pantanowitz, Bruce J Dezube, David M Aboulafia

Article Affiliation:

Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Abstract:

Breast enlargement, a condition that was rarely reported in the era before highly active antiretroviral therapy, is emerging as a problem in the treatment of male human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Evaluation of this condition must distinguish between gynecomastia (proliferation of ducts and periductal stroma), lipomastia (adipose-tissue deposition), and malignancy. We describe 13 HIV-infected men, all of whom had exposure to antiretroviral therapy, who presented with breast enlargement. Nine of these patients had gynecomastia, only 1 had lipomastia, and 3 had lymphoma (2 had non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 1 had Hodgkin disease). Gynecomastia was unilateral in all but a single case. In addition, all but 1 of our patients with gynecomastia had prolonged exposure to protease inhibitors. Six patients had potential causes of gynecomastia other than antiretroviral therapy, including liver disease (in 2 patients), mild hypogonadism (in 1), long-term marijuana use (in 2), and use of medications that have known associations with gynecomastia (in 3). Although most causes of breast enlargement in HIV-infected men are likely to be benign, malignancies other than carcinoma are of concern.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Endocrine Disruptor : CK(485) : AC(91)

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.