Influence of chronic ascorbic acid deficiency and excessive ascorbic acid intake on bile acid metabolism and bile composition in the guinea pig.
J Nutr. 1981 Mar;111(3):412-24. PMID: 7205399
The influence of chronic ascorbic acid (AA) deficiency and excessive ascorbate consumption on bile acid metabolism, liver and plasma cholesterol levels, hepatic microsomal cytochromes and biliary lipid composition was investigated. Male weanling guinea pigs were fed a cereal-based scorbutigenic diet supplemented with four levels of AA for 7 weeks: deficient, 15 and 30 mg/kg; control, 500 mg/kg; and excess, 20,000 mg/kg. Bile acid kinetic parameters were determined following the intraperitoneal administration of [24-14C] chenodeoxycholic acid. Dietary extremes of AA caused similar alterations in the parameters studied. Relative to the control group, the deficient and excess groups exhibited reduced cytochrome P-450 concentration, lower cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity, lower bile acid turnover rate, prolonged bile acid half-life and increased plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations. Deficient and excess groups also exhibited lower biliary cholesterol saturation (i.e., increased bile acid-neutral sterol ratios) than controls. Urinary bile acid excretion was 2- to 3-fold higher in excess guinea pigs than in the other three groups. The data demonstrate the exceptional susceptibility of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity to alteration by dietary extremes of AA, resulting in marked inhibition of bile acid synthesis and elevation of cholesterol levels by both inadequate and excessive AA intake.