Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Berberine Induces Toxicity in HeLa Cells through Perturbation of Microtubule Polymerization by Binding to Tubulin at a Unique Site.

Abstract Source:

Biochemistry. 2017 May 4. Epub 2017 May 4. PMID: 28459539

Abstract Author(s):

Darpan Raghav, Shabeeba M Ashraf, Lakshmi Mohan, Krishnan Rathinasamy

Article Affiliation:

Darpan Raghav

Abstract:

Berberine has been used traditionally for its diverse pharmacological actions. It exhibits remarkable anticancer activities and is currently under clinical trials. In this study, we report that the anticancer activity of berberine could be partly due to its inhibitory actions on tubulin and microtubule assembly. Berberine inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells with an IC50 of 18μM and induced significant depolymerization of interphase and mitotic microtubules. At its IC50, berberine exerted a moderate G2/M arrest and mitotic block as detected by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis and fluorescence microscopy, respectively. In a wound closure assay, berberine inhibited the migration of HeLa cells at concentrations lower than its IC50, indicating its excellent potential as an anticancer agent. In vitro studies with tubulin isolated from goat brain indicated that berberine binds to tubulin at a single site with a Kd of 11 μM. Berberine inhibited the assemblyof tubulin into microtubules and also disrupted the preformed microtubules polymerized in the presence of glutamate and paclitaxel. Competition experiments indicated that berberine could partially displace colchicine from its binding site. Results from fluorescence resonance energy transfer, computational docking, and molecular dynamics simulations suggest that berberine forms a stable complex with tubulin and binds at a novel site 24 Å from the colchicine site on the β-tubulin. Data obtained from synchronous fluorescence analysis of the tryptophan residues of tubulin and from the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy studies revealed that binding of berberine alters the conformation of the tubulin heterodimer, which could be the molecular mechanism behind the depolymerizing effects on tubulin assembly.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.