Astragaloside IV improves vasodilatation function. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Astragaloside IV Improves Vasodilatation Function by Regulating the PI3K/Akt/eNOS Signaling Pathway in Rat Aorta Endothelial Cells.
J Vasc Res. 2018 ;55(3):169-176. Epub 2018 Jul 4. PMID: 29972829
Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains a major public health burden. Endothelial-dependent coronary artery vasoreactivity is a significant indicator of vascular function. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and predicts late cardiovascular events. Astragaloside IV (AGIV) is the main active component of the herb Astragalus membranaceus. Although it shows a significant protective effect against vascular endothelial dysfunction, the mechanisms of AGIV promoting the vascular dilation have not been elucidated. This study investigated the vasodilator effect of AGIV on rat aortic rings and the underlying effect of AGIV via the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway. We measured the relaxation of isolated RARs after different concentrations of AGIV treatment. Rat aorta endothelial cells were cultured with different doses of AGIV, dimethylsulfoxide, and NG-nitro L-arginine methyl ester. The expression of phosphorylated (p)-Akt and -endothelial nitric oxide synthase (p-eNOS) were tested by Western blot analysis. The messenger (m)RNA expression of eNOS was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. AGIV exerted a vasodilator effect on the aortic rings and increased the NO content in a concentration-dependent manner. The vasorelaxation was suppressed by an eNOS inhibitor. AGIV regulated the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway via phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473 and dephosphorylation of eNOS at Thr495. The mRNA expression of eNOS was remarkably upregulated by AGIV. AGIV significantly induced the dilation of the aortic rings, leading to the vasodilator response by enhancing the eNOS release via the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway.