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Abstract Title:

Ascorbic acid modulates in vitro the function of macrophages from mice with endotoxic shock.

Abstract Source:

Immunopharmacology. 2000 Jan ;46(1):89-101. PMID: 10665783

Abstract Author(s):

V V Victor, N Guayerbas, M Puerto, S Medina, M De la Fuente

Article Affiliation:

V V Victor

Abstract:

The toxic effects of oxygen radicals produced by immune cells can be controlled to certain degree by endogenous antioxidants because of their scavenger action. This control is specially important in a type of immune cell, i.e., the phagocyte, which produces oxygen-free radicals and uses antioxidants in order to support its functions. Antioxidants, such as ascorbic acid (AA), are free radical scavengers and improve the immune response. In the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock, a disease with high mortality caused by gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by phagocytes have been implicated. In a previous study, we observed in peritoneal macrophages from BALB/c mice suffering lethal endotoxic shock caused by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 mg/kg) a high production of superoxide anion. Therefore, in the present work, we have studied the in vitro effect of AA, at different concentrations (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1 and 2.5 mM), on the various steps of the phagocytic process, i.e., adherence to substrate, chemotaxis, ingestion of particles and superoxide anion production of murine peritoneal macrophages obtained from BALB/c mice with that of endotoxic shock, at 2, 4, 12 and 24 h after LPS injection. The increased adherence, ingestion and superoxide anion production by macrophages from animals with endotoxic shock were lower in the presence of AA, reaching similar values to those of the control animals. The most effective AA concentration in cells from mice with endotoxic shock was 0.01 mM. These data suggest that AA can regulate the phagocytic process in endotoxic shock, principally decreasing free radical production and thus it could reduce endotoxic shock severity.

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