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Abstract Title:

Apigenin Exerts Anti-inflammatory Effects in an Experimental Model of Acute Pancreatitis by Down-regulating TNF-α.

Abstract Source:

In Vivo. 2019 Jul-Aug;33(4):1133-1141. PMID: 31280202

Abstract Author(s):

Alexandros Charalabopoulos, Spyridon Davakis, Maria Lambropoulou, Apostolos Papalois, Constantinos Simopoulos, Alexandra Tsaroucha

Article Affiliation:

Alexandros Charalabopoulos

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of apigenin in an experimental model of acute pancreatitis. Inflammatory response was reflected by tissue expression of the cytokine TNF-α coupled with histological examination.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Sham-group animals underwent laparotomy only, without any other interventions. Control-group animals underwent laparotomy and bilio-pancreatic duct ligation to induce pancreatitis without apigenin administration. Apigenin group animals were further treated with apigenin. Euthanasia was performed at 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h post-operatively.

RESULTS: Over-expression of TNF-α in relation to postoperative time was observed in the control group (p<0.001). In the apigenin group, under-expression of TNF-α in relation to postoperative time was observed (p<0.013). At 72 h, apigenin reduced pancreatic TNF-α expression and prevented pancreatic necrosis.

CONCLUSION: Apigenin slows progression and reduces severity of acute pancreatitis. Apigenin may serve as an adjunct to a more successful therapeutic strategy in acute pancreatitis.

Study Type : Animal Study

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