Apigenin reduces proteasome inhibition-induced neuronal apoptosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Apigenin Reduces Proteasome Inhibition-Induced Neuronal Apoptosis by Suppressing the Cell Death Process.
Neurochem Res. 2016 Nov ;41(11):2969-2980. Epub 2016 Aug 29. PMID: 27473386
Impairment of proteasomal function has been shown to be implicated in neuronal cell degeneration. The compounds which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities appear to provide a neuroprotective effect. Flavone apigenin is known to exhibits antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Nevertheless, the effect of apigenin on the proteasome inhibition-induced neuronal apoptosis has not been studied. Therefore, we assessed the effect of apigenin on the proteasome inhibition-induced apoptotic neuronal cell death using differentiated PC12 cells and human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Apigenin attenuated the proteasome inhibitors (MG132 and MG115)-induced decrease in the levels of Bid and Bcl-2, increase in the levels of Bax and p53, loss of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, release of cytochrome c, activation of caspases (-8, -9 and -3), cleavage of PARP-1 and cell death in both cell lines. Apigenin attenuated the production of reactive oxygen species, the depletion and oxidation of glutathione, the formations of malondialdehyde and carbonyls in cell lines treated with proteasome inhibitors. The results show that apigenin appears to attenuate the proteasome inhibitor-induced apoptosis in differentiated PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells by suppressing the activation of the mitochondrial pathway, and of the caspase-8- and Bid-dependent pathways. The inhibitory effect of apigenin on the proteasome inhibitor-induced apoptosis appears to be attributed to the suppressive effect on the production of reactive oxygen species, the depletion and oxidation of glutathione and the formations of malondialdehyde and carbonyls.