Antiviral activity of aged green tea extract in model food systems and under gastric conditions.
Int J Food Microbiol. 2019 Mar 2 ;292:101-106. Epub 2018 Dec 21. PMID: 30594741
Aged-green tea extract (GTE) is known to reduce the infectivity of hepatitis A virus (HAV) and murine norovirus (MNV), a human norovirus surrogate, in vitro and in washing solutions. Initially, the effect of aged-GTE was evaluated on virus like particles (VLPs) of human norovirus (HuNoV) genogroup I (GI) by a porcine gastric mucine (PGM)-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and on HuNoV GI suspensions by an in situ capture-RT-qPCR method, suggesting that HuNoVs are very sensitive to aged-GTE treatment at 37 °C. Moreover, the potential application of aged-GTE was evaluated using model foods and simulated gastric conditions. Then, aged-GTE samples prepared in orange juice, apple juice, horchata, and milk, respectively, were individually mixed with each virus and incubated overnight at 37 °C. Aged-GTE at 5 mg/ml in apple juice reduced MNV infectivity to undetectable levels and from 1.0 to 1.8 log in milk, horchata and orange juice. Aged-GTE at 5 mg/ml in orange juice, apple juice, horchata and milk reduced HAV infectivity by 1.2, 2.1, 1.5, and 1.7 log, respectively. Additionally, aged-GTE at 5 mg/ml in simulated intestinal fluid reduced MNV titers to undetectable levels and reduced HAV infectivity by ca. 2.0 log. The results show a potential for aged-GTE as a suitable natural option for preventive strategies for foodborne viral diseases.