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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Amelioration of Radiation Enteropathy by Dietary Supplementation With Reduced Coenzyme Q10.

Abstract Source:

Adv Radiat Oncol. 2019 Apr-Jun;4(2):237-245. Epub 2019 Jan 31. PMID: 31011668

Abstract Author(s):

Yasuyuki Shimizu, Naritoshi Mukumoto, Nelly Idrus, Hiroaki Akasaka, Sachiko Inubushi, Kenji Yoshida, Daisuke Miyawaki, Takeaki Ishihara, Yoshiaki Okamoto, Takahiro Yasuda, Makiko Nakahana, Ryohei Sasaki

Article Affiliation:

Yasuyuki Shimizu

Abstract:

Purpose: Effective methods to ameliorate radiation enteropathy have not been developed. To address this issue, we investigated the reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (rCoQ10) as a potential radioprotector in a mouse model.

Methods and Materials: rCoQ10 was added to a standard laboratory mouse diet at a final concentration of 1.0% 9 days before irradiation and 30 days thereafter or dissolved in corn oil and administered transorally. Accumulated amounts of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) or coenzyme Q9 in the intestine were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and morphologic changes in the intestine were assessed by immunohistochemistry after administration of 13 Gy of x-ray to the mouse abdomen. Body weight and survival were monitored for 30 days after irradiation. Cytotoxicity using 3 human cancer cell lines and the tumor growth-inhibiting effect in a xenograft were investigated to determine whether rCoQ10 interferes with radiation-specific cytotoxic effects on tumor growth.

Results: CoQ10 was greatly accumulated in all sections of the intestine after both massive transoral dosing and dietary administration, whereas coenzyme Q9 was not. Administration of rCoQ10 suppressed ROS production and inhibited apoptosis in the crypts, resulting in preservation of villi structures after irradiation. Notably, 92% of mice fed the rCoQ10-supplemented diet were healthy and alive 30 days after irradiation, whereas 50% of control mice died ( < .05). Moreover, rCoQ10 did not interfere with radiation-specific cytotoxic effects on tumors either in vitro or in vivo.

Conclusions: Administration of rCoQ10 led to its accumulation in the intestine and induced radioprotective effects by inhibiting ROS-mediated apoptosis, thereby preserving intestinal structures. Our results indicated that rCoQ10 supplementation effectively ameliorated radiation enteropathy.

Study Type : Animal Study

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