20(R)-Ginsenoside Rg3 protects SH-SY5Y cells against apoptosis induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 08 15 ;27(16):3867-3871. Epub 2017 Jun 19. PMID: 28709827
As shown in our previous studies, 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 [20(R)-Rg3] exerts a neuroprotective effect on a rat model of transient focal cerebral ischemia, and the mechanism through which it decreases the mRNA expression of calpain I and caspase-3 has been delineated. However, researchers do not know whether 20(R)-Rg3 exhibits a neuroprotective effect following oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) injury in vitro. In the present study, 20(R)-Rg3 increased cell viability, decreased the LDH leakage rate, and inhibited the apoptosis rate in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, 20(R)-Rg3 markedly decreased cleaved caspase-3 protein expression. Furthermore, 20(R)-Rg3 significantly decreased the Bax mRNA and protein levels and increased the levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein, subsequently decreasing the Bax/Bcl-2 protein ratio. Based on these findings, 20(R)-Rg3 exerts a neuroprotective effect against OGD/R-induced apoptosis.